First aid

What is First aid?

The help you can give an injured or acutely ill person, before the trained healthcare workers arrive on scene.
There are two types of first aid:

  • Acute lifesaving first aid
  • Non acute first aid

What should you do on the damage site?

  • Get an overview and do not put yourself in any danger
  • Secure the site and the injured
  • Call for help (112) as quickly as possible
  • Administer acute and non acute first aid
  • Organize and distribute the tasks if you are several helpers on site
  • Give direct and clear orders

How to secure the damage site

If the accident occurs in a car or similar:

  • Put up the warning triangle and switch on the hazard warning lights in the car
  • If possible, park the car to shield the injuried
  • If possible bring the injuried to safety
  • Watch out for vehicles that might flip over
  • Keep spectators away from the site
  • Make sure the accident doesn’t develop

Administer life saving first aid

  • Firstly go the one(s) who are quiet
  • Make sure they are breathing
  • If they are not breathing, make sure they have clear airways
  • If they are bleeding, stop the bleeding
  • Place them in the correct recovery position 
  • If needed, start resuscitation

How to check if the patient is conscious

  • Try to get in concact with the person – speak loudly
  • If they don’t respond; grab their shoulders and shake
  • Pinch them on the inside of their upper arm or thigh

How to check the airways

  • Check that the lower jaw and tongue is not blocking the breathing
  • Look for foreign objects in mouth and throat (blood, vomit, prosthetics, food etc.)
  • Make sure that there aren’t any clothes that is too tight around the persons neck
  • Make sure the persons head is not tilted forward and blocking the airway

How to check if the patient is breathing

  • Check for movement on the chest
  • Bend the persons head back to clear the airways and put your cheek above the mouth and listen/feel for a breath

Tegning af hvordan hovedet bøjes bagover

How to check the circuit flow

  • Look at the patients lips and skin – a sign of low circuit is if the person is pale, damp and cold and has blue lips
  • If the patient is unconscious, check the pulse on the side of the neck
  • Do not waste too much time with this, start resuscitation

What to do if the person is breathing on its own

  • Place the person in recovery position
  • Stop visible bleedings
  • Elevate the legs, to help the blood flow to the brain
  • Remove foreign objects (if any) from the airways

How to place a person in recovery position

Is to be used if the person is breathing on its own, but can also be used if the person is vomiting as it keeps the airways free
Do not leave a person in recovery position unless you are helping other injuried

  • Place the injuried on their back
  • The arm closest to yourself must be placed at a 90 degree angle in the elbow joint
  • The other arm is placed on top of the chest to the opposite shoulder
  • Bend the knee, that is farthest from you
  • Roll the person towards you, so that they lie stabile on the ground/floor
  • Gently bend the persons head backward and place their hand under their cheek for support

How to do mouth to mouth on a person

  • Place the injuried on their back
  • Lift the head back and the chin a bit up
  • Pinch the nostrils together
  • Place your mouth over the persons mouth
  • Blow slow and easy
  • Check to see if the chest is rising as you blow
  • Let all air out before doing it again

Tegning af mund til mund metoden

How to do chest compressions on a person

  • Place your self on your knees next to the person
  • Place you hands on the persons sternum, between the nipples

Remove any clothing, it will make it easier to find the right spot

Sådan placerer du hænderne

  • Press vertically down about 5 cm and release again
  • Keep your arms outstretched, bend back in your wrists og press with the palm of your hand (triquetral)
  • Press 30 times right after each other, app. 2 times per second and count out loud
  • Blow two times (mouth to mouth) covering the persons mouth with your mouth

Tegning af brystkompression

Mouth to mouth and chest compressions hardly ever starts the heart from beating again, but it provides the flow circuit with blood and oxygen to the brain and other vital organs, until a defibrillator or trained medical staff arrives and take over.

Get help – call 112

  • Call 1 1 2
  • Tell them your name, and where the accident has occurred, as precise as possible
    • What has happened
    • How many injured persons are there
    • Are any of them serious injuries
    • Are there any persons trapped
  • Make sure your information’s are confirmed to avoid any misunderstandings

After the accident/incident

  • Be open and talk about what has happened and your experiences
  • Seek help, if needed
  • By talking openly about your experiences, you are able to put the accident behind you

The University has a Crisis response and preparedness team, find them here 

As a general rule, the School do not offer first aid courses to employees, however you are welcome to contact the Schools management if you have a specific request.

The University offers basic first aid courses and first aid repetitions courses